Adsorption Features Remove a Toxic Dye from an Aqueous Solution by a Cost-effective Palm Leaf Activated Carbon (PLAC)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences for Girls, University of Babylon, Hilla, Iraq

2 Anesthesia Techniques Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq

3 Al-Manara College For Medical Sciences, Maysan, Iraq

4 Al-Nisour University College, Baghdad, Iraq


This research addressed the elimination of the dye Congo red (CR) from an aqueous solution utilizing dried palm leaf activated carbon (PLAC). Therefore, we performed batch experiments for isotherms and sorption kinetics. According to the experimental data, the adsorption method largely depends on the equilibrium time, initial concentration of dye, pH solution, and adsorbent amount. We observed sorption equilibrium for the dye Congo red via PLAC in 60 min and an adsorption capacity of 52.1 mg g-1. A pseudo-first-order kinetic model was followed by sorption kinetics, whereas the Langmuir isotherm has been proposed to be help reache the equilibrium factor. The above data demonstrated  that PLAC is an effective, low-cost, and environmentally friendly biomaterial for removing the dye from the aqueous solution.


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Volume 12, Issue 3
July 2022
Pages 509-516
  • Receive Date: 10 September 2021
  • Revise Date: 07 June 2022
  • Accept Date: 05 January 2022
  • First Publish Date: 07 June 2022