Impact of Physical Exercise and Food Habit on Type II Diabetes Mellitus Medicated Patients-A Cross Sectional Study

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh

2 Statistics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh

3 Chemistry Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh

10.22034/jchr.2021.1909296.1179

Abstract

The study attempts at examining the impact of controlled food habit and regular physical exercise on type II diabetic hypertensive patients who were on medications for hyperglycemia and hypertension. A cross-sectional study was demonstrated, and 244 participants were selected from Khulna city of Bangladesh to meet the objective of the study. All the biochemical parameters such as blood sugar, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) were taken from the blood test reports tested by the hospital. Among all the participants 46.7% were male, 53.3% were female and 61.1% were from urban community whilst 38.9% were from rural community, 29.92% were on medications with regular physical exercise and restricted diet jointly (M+E+F), 45.90% were dependent only on medications (M) and rest 24.18% were on medications with either regular exercise or food habit (M+E/F) for controlling diabetes. Chi-square and logistic regression analysis were used to portray the necessary associations. Chi-square values show significant association for fasting blood sugar (FBS) (p <0.001), blood sugar 2hr after breakfast (p <0.001), HbA1c (p <0.001), TG (p <0.02), TC (p <0.01) but insignificant for diastolic blood pressure (p=0.522), systolic blood pressure (p=0.598), HDL (p=0.764) and LDL (p=0.213) in respect of regular physical exercise and controlled food habit of the respondents. Logistic regression shows physical exercise and food habit are important determinants to control diabetes. Females are more prone to uncontrolled diabetes. Obesity and with increase in age, diabetes is hard to control. However, uncontrolled diabetes indulges dyslipidemia. This may be concluded from the conducted study that beside medication, regular physical exercise and controlled food habit help to control diabetes.

Keywords


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