Response of Young Phoenix dactylifera L. Date Palm Trees to Irrigation with Magnetized Water

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences , Kufa University, Iraq

10.22034/jchr.2020.679799

Abstract

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the most important crops for which Iraq is famous. As a result of increased water salinity and the lack of rain in recent years. The technique of magnetizing water has been tried to irrigate palm trees. For the purpose of studying the effect of magnetization on leaf content of some biomarkers. The research was carried out during the years 2019 and 2020, when sixty-three-year-old date palm trees were selected from the variety (Barhi), which are densely textured and planted in the orchard of the tissue date palm station / Ministry of Agriculture located in the desert region of Najaf Governorate. As (well water and river water) were used before and after magnetization by watering the soil around the palm on a weekly basis for sixteen consecutive periods starting from 2/6/2019, results measurements were made for total chlorophyll, total protein, amino acid proline and carbohydrates. The results showed that the magnetization of the water caused significant increases in the leaf content of total chlorophyll, carbohydrates and total protein, and a significant decrease in its content of the amino acid proline. The results indicate that the magnetization of irrigation water increases the efficiency of the palm plant in tolerance saline water and increases its vital properties in the case of irrigation with magnetized river water. These results improve the process of cultivation and management of date palm farms and contribute to increasing production.

Keywords


1. Abdelouahhab Z., 2002. Date Palm Cultivation. FAO/Plant production and protection paper.  156 Rev. 1.  Rome.pp. 156.
2. Djibril S., Mohamed O.K., Diegane D., Abaye B.F., Maurice S., Alain B., 2005. Growth and development of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) seedlings under drought and salinity stresses. African J Bio. 4(9), 968- 972.
3. Kashani E., 2019. The Effect of wastewater Sirjan golgohar industrial on the characteristics of cultivated soils in several species of pasture trees. International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research. 7 (1), 98-104.
4. Fazeli-Nasab B., Khajeh H., Rahmani A. F., 2021. Effects of culture medium and plant hormones in organogenesis in olive (CV. Kroneiki). J. Plant Bioinform. Biotech., 1 (1), 1-13.
5.. Flowers T.J., 2004. Improving crop salt tolerance. J Experimental Botany. 55(396), 307- 319.
6. Farsani P.A., Habibnejad Roshan M., Vahbzade G., Solaimani K., 2017. Investigation of Trend of Precipitation Variation Using Non-Parametric Methods in Charmahal O Bakhtiari Province. International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research. 5(3), 143-148.
7. Fazeli-Nasab B., Sirousmehr A.R., Azad H., 2018. Effect of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles on Essential Oil Quantity and Quality in Thymus vulgaris under Water Deficit. Journal of Medicinal plants and By-product. 7(2), 125-133.
8. Blake W., 2000. Physical and Biological effect of magnet. In: Santwani, M.T. (ed). The art of magnetic healing. 25(1), 20-25.
Davarani, S. S. H., Rezayati-zad, Z., Taheri, A., Rahmatian, N., 2017, Highly selective solid phase extraction and preconcentration of Azathioprine with nano-sized imprinted polymer based on multivariate optimization and its trace determination in biological and pharmaceutical samples, Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 71, 572-583.
10. Kamari, K., Taheri, A., 2018, Preparation and evaluation of magnetic core–shell mesoporous molecularly imprinted polymers for selective adsorption of amitriptyline in biological samples, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 86, 230-239.
11. Rezayati zad, Z., Moosavi, B., Taheri, A., 2020, Synthesis of monodisperse magnetic hydroxyapatite/Fe3O4 nanospheres for removal of Brilliant Green (BG) and Coomassie Brilliant Blue (CBB) in the single and binary systems, Advanced Journal of Chemistry-Section B, 2(3), 159-171.
12. Adebayo, M. A., Akande, S. O., Olorunfemi, A. D., Ajayi, O. O., Orege, J. I., Daniel, E. F., 2021, Equilibrium and Thermodynamic Characteristics of the Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel Using Sweet Prayer Leaf Extract in Alkaline Medium, progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research, 4 (1) 80-91.
13. Usman, A., Fitzsimmons-Thoss, V., Tawfike, A., 2020, Anti-Bacterial, Anti-Oxidant and Cytotoxic Activities of Nimbin Isolated from African Azadirachta Indica Seed Oil Advanced Journal of Chemistry-Section B, 2(2) 81-90.
El-Shahaby, O., Reicha, F., Aboushadi, M. M. N., El-Zayat, M., 2020, Green Synthesis and Biological Assessments of Silver Nanoparticles Using the Plant Extract of Crataegus sinaica Boiss. Fruits Progress in Chemical and Biochemical Research, 3(2), 105-113.
14. Qutayba Muhammad H., Abd Fahd A., Shabar Faleh A., Lafta Rasheed T., 2005. Magnetic adaptation of the properties of salt water to irrigate crops 1. Sunflower. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 36(1), 23-28.
15. Mackinney  G., 1941. Absorption of light by chlorophyll solution. J  Biological Chem.  140, 315 -322.
16. Joslyn M.A., 1970. Method in food analysis: Physical, Chemical.  and instrumental method of analysis .2nd ed. Academic Press New York and London. pp 109-140.
17. Bates L., Walderen R., Teare L., 1973. Rapid determination of free proline for water stress studies. Plant and Soil. 39, 205-207.
18. rancon N.Q., Clive A.E., Stephen L., B. Robert., 2006. Effects of humic acids from vermin composts on plant growth. European Journal of Soil and Biology.  42, 65–69.
19. Muthik A. Guda, Hakeem J.I., Maytham M. Alabassi, Almayahi B.A., 2020. Phytoremediation of Some Heavy Metals in The Soil of General Company for Tire Industry in Najaf Governorate by Wild Plant Species. Indian Journal of Environmental Protection. 40(7), 758-763.
20. Zainab H.  Thajeel, Muthik A. Guda, Nihad H. Mutlag, Bashaer S. Jabbar., 2020.  Investigation the effect of irrigation with magnetized saline water to improve the vegetative growth and the anatomical characteristics of the tomato plant (Lycopersicon esculentum L.), International Journal of Agriculture and Statistical Science. 16, (1), 815-823.
21. Munns R., Tester M., 2008. Mechanisms of salinity tolerance. Annual Review of Plant Biology. 59, 651- 681.
22. Al-Shahwani I.W., 2002. Seasonal variation of nitrogen and potassium concentrations in the leaves of date palm trees and olives under irrigation and drought conditions. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 34 (1), 1-24.
23. Muthik A. Guda, Merza T., Almayahi B., 2016. Response of non-enzymatic antioxidants to phragmites Australis (Cav.) Trin. Ex. Steudel Plants of the Environmental Stresses in Baher Alnajaf, Iraq. Plant Cell Biotech Molec Biol. 17, 140, 148.
24. Hasegawa P.R., Bressan J.K., Bohnert H., 2000. Plant cellular and  mdecalar responses to high salinity. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol .51, 464 – 497.
25. Nardi S., Pizzeghello D., Pandalai S.G., 2004.  Rhizosphere: Acommunication between plant and soil. Recent Res Development in Crop Sci. 1(2), 349-360.
26. Art I., 2007. Fertilizers, organic fertilizers, plant and agricultural fertilizers. Agro and Food Business Newsletter. pp. 1- 4.
27. Abdul Rahman Dawood A.H., 2010. The effect of irrigation water quality for the sites of Al-Sadoor and Al-Dhabit on some productive indicators of two varieties of Phoenix dactylifera L. Al-Barhi and Halawi. Basra Research Journal (Al-Ulamiyat). 36(3), 57-65.
28. Kazemi M., Sajjadifar S., Aydi A., Mirzaei Heydari M. 2018, Biological and Pharmaceutical Organosulfur Molecules, Journal of Medicinal and Chemical Sciences, 1(1), 1-4.