Potential of Increasing the Vase Life and Improvement of some Physiological Characteristics of Alstroemeria Cut Flowers by Using Non-Harmful Compounds Environmentally

Authors

1 Department of Horticulture, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran Young Researchers and Elite Club, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran

2 Department of Horticulture, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran

Abstract

In this study, the concentrations of 25, 375 and 500 ml L-1 of Cola+ 2000 mg L-1 of peppermint essence and concentrations of 30, 45 and 60 ml L-1 of apple extract +2000 mg L-1 rosemary essence on Alstroemeria cut flowers (Cv. balance) were investigated to verify the use of natural ingredients in flowers preservative solutions. This experiment was conducted in the laboratory of Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, in 2014. Results showed that the interaction of cola with peppermint essence and apple extract with rosemary essence at above concentrations increase the vase life of flower, flower diameter and anthocyanin at significantly level of %1. The highest amount of vase life was related to concentration of 500 ml L-1 of cola (15 days), while vase life in control treatment (distilled water) was 9 days. The highest flower diameter was recorded in apple extract (45 ml L-1) + Rosemary essence (2000 mg L-1). The highest amount of anthocyanin was obtained in cola treatments of 500 ml L-1+ essence of peppermint, 30 and 45 ml L-1 of apple extract+ rosemary essence. Besides, flowers treated by 375 ml L-1 of cola + peppermint essence had the highest chlorophyll content. Generally, the results showed that treatments used in this experiment, as accessible compounds are healthy and non-hazardous for the environment, appropriate to increase the vase life of Alstroemeria cut flowers.

Keywords


  1. Ebrahimzadeh A., Seifi E., Postharvest handling and storage of cut flowers, floristgreens, and potted plants. Akhtar publication: Tehran, 1999.
  2. Sabni Sh. The effect of thyme essential oils on vase life of carnation cut flowers. Master thesis, Tehran University, Iran, July 2011.
  3. Alimoradi M., Jafarpoor M., Golparvar A., 2013. Improving the keeping quality and vase life of cut flowers Alstroemeria by post-harvest nano silver. J Agri Crop Sci. 6, 632-635.
  4. Nikkhah Eshghi S., Kalate jari S., 2013. Application methods of thymus vulgarisessential oil and their effect on vase life and qualitative traits of Gladiolus grandiflorusL. cut flowers. J Ornamen Plants. 4, 243-250.
  5. Ardeshir H., Chemistry and technology of soft drinks and fruit juices. Sarva publishing: Tehran, 2009.
  6. Zargari A. Medicinal plants. Publication of Tehran University, 4th edition: Tehran, 1990.
  7. Kazem Alvandi R., Sharifan A., Aghazadeh Meshgi M., 2010. Evaluation of chemical compound and antimicrobial of peppermint essential oils. J Compar Pathobiol. 7, 355-364. (In Persian).
  8. Mousavi Bazaz A., Tehranifar A., 2011. Effect of ethanol, methanol and essential oils as novel agents to improve vase life of Alstroemeria flowers. J Biol Environ. 14, 41-46.
  9. Pirpour S., Behroznam B., Zakerin A., Aboutalebi A., 2013. Study on the lifespan and quality of cut Lilium santanderthrough the use of thyme and peppermint essential oil. Ann Biol Res. 6, 124-128.
  10. Basiri Y., Zarei H., Mashayekhy K., Pahlavany M.H., 2011. Effect of Rosemary extract on vase life and some qualitative characteristics of cut Carnation flowers (Dianthus caryophyllus cv. White librity). Stored Products and Postharvest Research. 14, 261- 265.
  11. Maghsoudi S.H. Technology production of carbonated soft drinks. Agricultural Sciences publications: Tehran, 2003.
  12. Ahmad I., Dole M.J., 2014. Postharvest performance of cut marigold, Rose and Sunflower stem as influenced by homemade and commercial floral preservatives. Turkish J Agri Forestry. 38, 916-925.
  13. Karimi M., Hasanpour Asil M., Samizadeh Lahiji H., Talesh Sasani S., 2008. Effects of temperature and different chemical treatments to increase of vase life of Lilium cut flowers. Sciences and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources. 43, 4-7. (In Persian).
  14. Fallahi M., Apple conversion industries. Barsava Publication: Tehran, 1996.
  15. Ferrante A., Hunter D., Hackett W.P., Reid M.S., 2002. Thidiazouron-A potent inhibitor of leaf senescence in Alstroemeria. J Postharvest Biol Technol. 25, 333-338.
  16. Kazemi M., Ameri A., 2012. Respons of vase life Carnation cut flower to salicylic acid, silver nanoparticlec, glotamin and essential oil. Asian J Animal Sci. 6, 122-131.
  17. Isapareh A., Hatamzadeh A., Ghasemnejad M., 2014. The effect of natural essential carvacrol and some growth regulators on vase life of Alstroemeria cut flowers. J Ornamen Plants. 4, 113-120.
  18. Thwala M., Wahome K., Oseni O., Masariambi T., 2013. Effects of floral preservatives on the vase life of Orchid (Epidendrum radicans L.) cut flowers. Horticultural Sci Ornamen Plants. 5, 22-29.
  19. Kiamohammadi M., Hashemabadi D., 2011. The effects of different floral preservative solutions on vase life of Lisianthus cut flowers. J Ornamen Plants. 2, 115-122.
  20. Karimian Farimani Z., Tehranifar A., 2011. Effect of essential oils, ethanol and methanol to extend the vase-life of carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) flowers. J Biol Enviroment. 14, 91-94.
  21. Haji Reza M.R., Hadavi A., Zeinanloo A.A., Mirzapoor M.H., 2013. Effect of different levels of citric acid and salicylic acid in perharvesting stage on vase life of cut Rose. Sciences and Thecnology of Greenhouse Cultivation. 16, 99-109. (In Persian).
  22. Sakihama Y., Michael F., Cohen S., Grace C., Hideo Y., 2002. Plant phenolic antioxidant and prooxidant activities: phenolics- induc9ed oxidative damage mediated by metals in plants. Toxicology. 177, 67-80.
  23. Schmitzer V., Veberic R., Osterc C., Stampar F., 2010. Color and phenolic content changes during flower development in groundcover Rose. Am Hort Sci. 135, 195-202.
  24. Mohammadi S.N., Zarei H., Ghasemnejad A., 2011. Evaluation the effect of rosemary extract on some of qualitative trais and vase life of Gladiolus cut flowers. 7th Iranian Horticultural Sciences Congress, Iran, September 5-8. pp 203-205.
  25. Babarabie M., Zarei H., Varasteh F., 2014. Effect of carbonated beverages on vase life of cutAlstroemeria. 3rd National Congress of Conventional Farming, Iran, August 20- 21. pp 293-296.
  26. Soleimany-fard E., Hemmati KH., Khalighi A., 2013. Improving the keeping quality and vase life of Alstroemeria cut flowers by pre and post-harvest salicylic acid treatment. Natulae Sci Biol. 5, 364-370.