Occurrence of Zearalenone and Ochratoxin A in Cereals and Cereal Based Products


1 Young Researchers and Elites Club, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran

2 Department of Microbiology, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran

3 Medical Biology Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran Razi Fara Teb Biotechnology Complex, Bistoon Industrial Zone, Kermanshah, Iran


The contamination of cereals with toxic secondary metabolites of fungi, mycotoxins, is a permanent challenge in human health. These toxins are produced by a few fungi are mainly of the genera Fusarium, Aspergillus and Penicillium. Ochratoxin A is a nephrotoxic mycotoxin, which possesses carcinogenic, teratogenic, immunotoxic and possibly neurotoxic properties. Zearalenone is a non-steroidal estrogenic toxin, which has been involved in incidents of precocious pubertal changes. In this study, we reviewed recent researches in zearalenone and ochratoxin A contamination in cereals and cereal based products


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  • Receive Date: 15 September 2015
  • Revise Date: 17 May 2022
  • Accept Date: 29 October 2018
  • First Publish Date: 29 October 2018