Hydroponic Phytoremediation of Nickel by Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)

Authors

Department of Botany, Faculty of Biology, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran

Abstract

Environmental stresses are one of the most important factors of agricultural products reduction in the world. The influence of different concentrations of nickel nitrate (0, 100, 200 and 500 μM in Hoagland’s solution) on dry matter, catalase enzyme, flavonoids, hydrogen peroxide, peroxidase Enzyme, MDA and accumulation of Ni were studied in coriander (Coriandrum sativum) plants. Treatment with Ni led to significant increase in flavonoids, hydrogen peroxide, MDA and other aldehyde. Exposure of coriander plant to Ni altered catalase enzymes, leading to significant decrease in their contents. In both shoots and roots of coriander plants, significant decrease in dry matter was observed. Ni accumulation increased significantly in shoots and roots. Ni increased in the roots more than the shoots. According to a more accumulation of Ni in the roots, the expansion of plants root can help to better adaptability with the toxicity of metals. It may be used as an indicator to illustrate the differences between plant species.

Keywords


  1. Upendra K., Bandyopadhyay M., 2006. Sorption of cadmium from aqueous solution using pretreated rice husk. Bioresour. Technol. 97, 104ââ‚‌“109.
  2. Elzahabi M., Yong R.N., 2001. pH influence on sorption characteristics of heavy metal in vadose zone. Eng Geol. 60, 61-68.
  3. Prasad M.N.V., Strzaka K. 2002. Physiology and biochemistry of metal toxicity and tolerance in plants. Plant Sci. 161, 881-889.
  4. Parida B.K., Chhibba I.M., Nayyar V.K., 2003. Influence of nickel-contaminated soils on fenugreek (Trigonella corniculata L.) growth and mineral composition. Sci Hortic. 98, 113-119.
  5. Prasad M. N. V., 2004. Heavy metal stress in plants, Second Ed. Norosa Publishing House. USA.
  6. Liamas A., Sanz A., 2008. Organ-distinctive changes in respiration rates of rice plants under nickel stress. Plant Growth Regul. 54, 63ââ‚‌“69.
  7. Poozesh V., Tagharobian M., 2014. Theeffectof different concentrations of nickel on germination and growth of coriander (coriandrum sativum) and milk thistle (silybum marianum) seedlings. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences. 4(3), 280-287.
  8. Gajewska E., Sklodowska M., 2009. Nickel-induced changes in nitrogen metabolism in wheat shoots. J Plant Physiol. 166(10), 1034-44.
  9. Gajewska E., Sklodowska M., 2007. Effect of nickel on ROS content and oxidative enzyme activities in wheat leaves. Biometals. 20 (1), 27-36.
  10. Alexieva V., Sergiev I., Mapelli S., Karanov E., 2001. The effect of drought and ultraviolet radiation on growth and stress markers in pea and wheat. Plant Cell Environ. 24, 1337-1344.
  11. Krizek D.T., Britz S.J., Mirecki R.M., 1998. Inhibitory effects of ambient levels of solar UV- A and UV- B radiation on growth of cv. New red fire lettuce. Physiologia Plantarum. 103(1), 1-7.
  12. Heath R.L., Packer L., 1969. Photoperoxidation in isolated chloroplast. I. Kinetics and stoichiometry of fatty acid peroxidation. Arcg Biochem Biophys. 125, 189ââ‚‌198.
  13. Meri S., Koistinen V., Miettinen A., Tornroth T., Seppala I.J., 1992. Activation of the alternative pathway of complement by monoclonal lambda light chains in membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. J Exp Med. 175(4), 939-950.
  14. Plewa M.J., Smith S.R., Wagner E.D., 1991. Diethyldithiocarbamate suppresses the plant activation of aromatic amines into mutagens by inhibiting tobacco cell peroxidase. Mutat ResFund Mol M. 247(1), 57-64.
  15. Maehly A.C., Chance B., 1954. The Assay of catalase and peroxidase. In: Glick D. (ed.) Methods of Biochemical Analysis. Inter science, New York. 1, 357-358.
  16. Daud M. K., Variath M. T., Shafaqat A., Najeeb U., Muhammad JamilHayat Y., Dawood M., Muhammad Imran Khan Zaffar M., Sardar Alam Cheema Tong X. H., Zhu S.,2009. Cadmium-induced ultramorphological and physiological changes in leavesof two transgenic cotton cultivars and their wild relative. J Hazard Mater. 168,614-625.
  17. Khudsar T., Soh W. Y., Iqbal M., 2000. Morphological and anatomical variationsofCajanus cajan (Linn. ) huth raised in cadmium-rich soil. J Plant Biol. 43(3), 149-157.
  18. Khatib M., Rashed Mohasel M. H., Ganjali A., Lahouti M., 2008. Theeffects Of Different Nickel Concentrations on Some Morpho-Physiological Characteristics of Parsley (Petroselinum Crispum). Iran J of field crops Res. 6(2), 295-302.
  19. DaneshmandF., ArvinM. J., Kalantari K. M., 2010. Acetylsalicylic acid ameliorates negative effects of NaCl or osmotic stress in Solanum stoloniferum in vitro. Biol Plantarum. 54(4), 781ââ‚‌784.
  20. Verma S., Dubey R., 2003. Lead toxicity induces lipid peroxidation and alters the activities of antioxidant enzymes in growing rice plants. Plant Sci. 164(4), 645-655.
  21. Posmyk M.M., Kontek R., Janas, K.M. 2009. Antioxidant Enzymes activity and phenolic compounds content in red cabbage seedlings exposed to copper stress. Ecotox Environ Safe. 72(2), 596-602.
  22. Pardha Saradhi P., Mohanty P., 1997. Involvement of proline in protecting thylakoid membranes against free radical-induced photodamage. J Photoch Photobio B. 38(2), 253-257.
  23. Fang W.C., Kao C., 2000. Enhanced peroxidase activity in rice leaves in response to excess iron, copper and zinc. Plant Sci. 158, 71ââ‚‌“76.
  24. Fayigo A. O., Lena Q. M., Cao X., Rathinasabapathi B.,2004. Effects of heavy metals on growth and arsenic accumulation in the arsenic hyper accumulator Pteris vittata L. Environ Pollut. 132 (2), 289-296.
  25. Yamasaki H., 1997. A function of color. Trends Plant Sci. 2, 7-8.
  26. Gallego S. M., Benavídes M. P., TomaroM. L., 1996. Effect of heavy metal ion excess on sunflower leaves: evidence for involvement of oxidative stress. Plant Sci. 121(2), 151ââ‚‌“159.
  27. Gao M., Tang J., Wang Y., Powers J., Wang S., 2010. Almond quality as influenced by radio frequency heat treatments for disinfestation. Postharvest Biol Technol. 58(3), 225ââ‚‌“231.
  28. He X. Q., Du D. J., Shao M. Z. H., Li Q. L. Effect of salt and water stress on germination of Dianthus Chinensis L. Acad. Conference on Horticulture. Sci Technol Zhang Y. (Ed.), Academy Service Group Ltd., London, 2009. Pp. 60-63.
  29. Morita S., Kaminaka H.,Masumura T., Tanaka K., 1999. Induction of rice cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase mRNA by oxidative stress; the involvement of hydrogen peroxide in oxidative stress signalling. Plant Cell Physiol. 40(4), 417-422.
  30. Jung C., Maeder V., Funk F., Frey B., Sticher H., Frossard E., 2003. Release of phenols from Lupinus albus L. Roots exposed to Cu and their possible role in Cu detoxification. Plant Soil. 252, 301ââ‚‌“312.
  31. Choudhary M., Jetley U. K., Khan M. A., Zutshi S., Fatma T., 2007. Effect of heavy metal stress on proline, malondialdehyde, and superoxide dismutase activity in the cyanobacterium Spirulin aplatensis-S 5. Ecotox Environ. Safe. 66(2), 204-209.
  32. Wang S.H., Yang Z.M., Yang H., Lu B., Li S.Q., Lu Y.P., 2004. Copper-induced stress and antioxidative responses in roots of Brassica juncea L. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica. 45.
  33. Maehly A.C., Chance B., 1959. The assay of catalase and peroxidase, In: Glick D (ed), Methods of Biochemical Analysis, New York, NY: Interscience Publishers. 1, 357-425
  34. Ishtiaq S., Mahmood S., 2011. Phytotoxicity of nickel and its accumulation in tissues of three Vigna species at their early growth stages. J Appl Bot Food Qual. 84, 223ââ‚‌“228.
  35. Peralta-Videa J.R., Gardea-Torresdey J.L., Gomez E., Tiemann K.J., Parsons J.G., Carrillo G., 2002. Effect of mixed cadmium, copper, nickel and zinc at different pHs upon alfalfa growth and heavy metal uptake. Environ. Pollut. 119, 291-301.
  36. Kim Y.Y., Yang Y.Y., Lee Y., 2002. Pb and Cd uptake in rice roots. Physiol Plant. 116(3), 368-372.
  37. Wadhawan K., 1995. Nickel availability and its uptake by plant as influenced by nitrogen and zinc application. M.Sc Thesis. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.
  38. Gupta S. P., Gupta V. K., Kala R., 1996. A note on effect of nickel application on rabi cereals. New Botanist. 23, 237ââ‚‌“239.