Changes Germination, Growth and Anatomy Vicia ervilia in Response to Light Crude Oil Stress

Authors

Abstract

Thepetroleum concentrations are contaminant important sources in the environment. Hydrocarbon’s contaminants depend on their type and concentration can cause variable toxicity in soils, on the other hand, different kinds of plants also response concentration of contaminant differently, because of the diversity of physiological and morphological characteristics. In this study the effect of different concentrations of light crude oil was investigated on stem length, germination and anatomical of Vicia ervilia. A factorial experiment was used with a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The results showed that the germination and stem lengths decreased significantly (p≤ 0.05) with increasing concentrations of petroleum. Anatomical studies the changes of parenchyma, vascular bundles, epidermal and increase crack showed.

Keywords


  1. Uaboi-Egbenni P. O., Okolie P. N., Adejuyitan O. E., Sobande AO., Akinyemi O., 2009. Effect of industrial effluents on the growth and anatomical structures of Abelmoschusesculentus (okra), African Journal of Biotechnology, 8(14): 3251-3260.
  2. US EPA, 2000. Introduction to phytoremediation, EPA/600/R99/107, Environmental Protection Agency, USA.
  3. Bamidele JF., 2010. Threats to sustainable utilization of coastal wetlands in Nigeria, Journal of Nigerian Environmental Society, 5(3):217-225.
  4. Morelli I. S., Del Panno M. T., De Antoni G. L., Painceira M. T., 2005. Laboratory study on the bioremediation of petrochemical sludge contaminated soil. International Bioremediation & Biodegradation, 55: 271-278.
  5. Khan A.G., 2005. Role of soilmicrobes in the rhizospheres of plants growing on trace metal contaminated soils in phytoremediation, Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 18: 355-364.
  6. Gill L.S., Nyawuame H.G.K, Ehikhametalor A.O, 1992. Effect of crude oil on the growth andanatomical features of Chromolaenaodorata(L) K, e R. Newsletter, 6: 1-6.
  7. Meudec A., Poupart N., Dussauze J., Deslandes E., 2007. Relationship between heavy fuel oil phytotoxicity and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination in Salicorniafragilis. Journal of Science of the Total Environment, 381: 146-156.
  8. Sharifi M., Sadeghi Y., Akbarpour M., 2007. Germination and growth of six plant species on contaminated soil with spent oil, International Journal of Environmental Science Technology, 4: 463-470.
  9. Alkio M., Tabuchi T. M., Wang X., Colon Carmona A., 2005. Stress responses to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Arabidopsis include growth inhibition and hypersensitive response-like symptoms. Journal of Experimental Botany, 56(421): 2983ââ‚‌“2994.
  10. Omosun G., Markson A. A., Mbanasor O., 2008. Growth and anatomy of AmaranthusHybridus as affected by diferrent crude oil concentrations. AmericanEurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 3(1): 70-74.
  11. Eze C.N., Maduka J.N., Ogbonna J.C., Eze E.A., 2013. Effects of Bonny light crude oil contamination on the germination, shoot growth and rhizobacterial flora of Vignaunguiculata and Arachis hypogea grown in sandy loam soil, Scientific Research and Essays, 8(2): 99 -107.
  12. Lin Q., Mendelsshohn I. A., 2009. Potential of restoration and phytoremediation with Juncusroemerianus for diesel-contaminated coastal wetlands, ecological engineering, 35: 85-91.
  13. Bona C., Mendonça de Rezende I., de Oliveira G., 2011. Antonio de Souza, L, Effect of Soil Contaminated by Diesel Oil on the Germination of Seeds and the Growth of SchinusterebinthifoliusRaddi(Anacardiaceae) Seedlings, An International journal, 54:1379-1387.
  14. Kulakow P.A., Schwab A. P., Banks M. K., 2000. Screening plant species for growth in weathered petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated sediments.International Journal of Phytoremediation, 2: 297- 317.
  15. Ogbo E. M., 2009. Effect of diesel fuel contamination on seed germination of four crop plants- Arachis hypogea, Vignaunguiculata, Sorghum bicolor and Zea mays, Journal Biotechnology, 8(2): 250-253.
  16. Njoku K.L., Akinola M.O., Taiwo B.G., 2009. Effect of gasoline diesel fuel mixture on the germination and the growth of Vignaunguiculata(Cowpea), African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 3(12): 466-471.
  17. Merkl N., Schultze-Kraft R., Infante C., 2005. Assessment of tropical grasses and legumes for phytoremediation of petroleumcontaminated soils, Water, air, soil pollution, 165: 195-209.
  18. Nageswara Rao C. V., Afzal M., Malallah G., Kurian M., Gulshan S., 2007. Hydrocarbon Uptake by Roots of Vicia faba (Fabaceae), Environ Monit Assess, 132: 439ââ‚‌“443.
  19. Sangabriel W., FerreraCerrato R., TrejoAguilar D., MendonzaLopez M.R., CruzSanches J.S., LopezOrtiz C., 2006.Internacional de ContaminacionAmbiental, 22:63ââ‚‌“73.
  20. Vwioko D.E., Fashemi D.S., 2005. Growth response of Ricinuscommunis L (Castor Oil) in spent lubricating oil polluted soil, Journal of Applied Sciences & Environmental Management, 9(2): 73-79.
  21. Banks M.K., Schultz K.E., 2005. Comparison of plants for germination toxicity tests in petroleumcontaminated soils. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 167: 211-219.
  22. Njoku K.L., Akinola M.O., Oshodin O.R., 2011.Phytotoxicity Assay of Crude Oil Using Different Accessions of Sorghum bicolor, World Applied Sciences Journal, 15(1): 38-46.
  23. Kirk J.L., Klironomos J.N., Lee H., Trevors J.T., 2002.Phytotoxicity assay to assess plant species for phytoremediation of petroleum contaminated soil, Bioremediation Journal, 6: 57-63.
  24. Agbogidi O.M., Ejemete O.R., 2005. An assessment of the effects of crude oil pollution on soil properties, germination and growth of Gambayaalbida(L.). Uniswa, Journal of Agricultural Science Technology, 8(2): 148-155.
  25. Nwadinigwe A.O., Uzodimma N.S., 2005. Effects of petroleum spills on the germination and growth of groundnut (ArachishypogaeaL.), Journal Biology res Biotechnology, 3(2): 101-105.
  26. Kathi S., Khan B., 2011. Phytoremediation approaches to PAH contaminated soil, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 4(1): 56-63.
  27. Kisic I., Mesic M., Basic F., Brkic V., Mesic M., Durn G., 2009. The effect of drilling ïÂ‌‚ uids and crude oil on some chemical characteristics of soil and crops, Geoderma. 149: 209ââ‚‌“216.
  28. Okonokhua B.O., Ikhajiagbe B., Anoliefo G.O., Emede T., 2007. The Effects of Spent Engine Oil on Soil Properties and Growth of Maize (Zea mays L.), journal of applied science and environmental management, 11(3): 147ââ‚‌“152.
  29. Shahriari M.H., SavaghebiFiroozabadi G., Azizi M., Kalantari F., MinaiTehrani D., 2007. Study of growth and germination of Medicago sativa (Alfalfa) in light crude oil contaminated soil, Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 3(1): 46ââ‚‌“51.
  30. Ogboghodo I.A., Iruaga, E.K Osemwota I.O., Chokor J.U., 2003. An assessment of the effects of crude oil pollution on soil proprrties, germination and of maize ( Zea mays) using two crude types- forcados light and escravos light, Nigeria.
  31. Daryabeigizand A., Nabibidhendi G., Mehrdadi N., 2010. Phytoremediation of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) using plant species in Iran, Turk Journal Agriculture (TUBÄ°TAK), 34: 429-438.
  32. Hester M. W., Mendelssohn I. A., 2000. Longterm recovery of a Louisiana brackish marsh plant community form oil spill impact: vegetation response and mitigation effects of marsh surface elevation, Marine Environmental Research, 49: 339-347.
  33. Daniel-Kalio L.A., Pepple S.F., 2006. Effect of bonny light crude oil pollution of soil on the growth of dayflower (CommelinabenghalensisL.) in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences & Environmental Management. 10 (2): 111-114.
  34. Agbogidi O.M., Eshegbeyi O.F., 2006. Performance of Dacryodesedulis (Don. G. Lam. H.J.) Seeds and seedlings in a crude oil contaminated soil. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 22 (3/4): 114.
  35. Kofids G., Giannakoula A., Ilias I., 2008. Growth, anatomy and chlorophyll fluorescence of coriander plants (Coriadrumsativum L.) treated with prohexadionecalcium and daminozine, ActaBiologicaCracoviensia Series Botanica 50(2): 55ââ‚‌“62.
  36. Agbogidi O.M., Ofuoku A.U., 2005. Response of sour sop (Annonamuricata Linn) to crude oil levels, Journal of Sustainable Tropical Agricultural Research, 16:98-102.
  37. Nogueira L., Inckot R., de Oliveira Santos G., de Souza L., Bona C., 2011.Phytotoxicity of petroleum-contaminated soil and Bioremediated soil on Allophylusedulis, Rodriguesia, 62(3): 459-466.
  38. Sharma G.K., Chandler C., Salemi L., 1980.Environmental pollution and leaf cutivular variation in kadzu (PuererialobataWilld.), Annals of Botany. 45:77-80.