Occurrence of Organochlorines Contaminants in Coastal Fish from Sepetiba Bay: Levels and Human Health Repercussions

Author

Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Sergio Arouca National School of Public Health, Center for Study of Worker's health and Human Ecology, Rua Leopoldo Bulhões, 1480, Rio de Janeiro, 20141-210, Brazil

Abstract

The aim of this study was to survey levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinateddibenzofurans (PCDFs), and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) in white mullet (Mugil curema),common snook (Centropomus undecimalis), and acoupa weakfish (Cynoscion acoupa), collected at Sepetibabay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, March-August 2013. PCBs and PCDD/Fs were determined by High Resolution GasChromatography/High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS) as stated by the US EPA 1613B, 1668B,and 8290A methods. The concentration of total PCBs ranged from 0.589688 ~ 0.6981629 pg-WHO-TEQ/g wwand PCDDs/PCDFs ranged from 0.134037 ~ 0.242573 pg-WHO-TEQ/g ww. The concentrations of thesecontaminants on fish species currently appear to fall below critical values, and the dietary consumption of thesespecies did not represent a risk for human health. However, seeking to avoid future problems, systematicmonitoring can prevent complications to the environment, marine wildlife and public health impacts.

Keywords


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