Aflatoxin M1 Contamination in Milk and Milk Products in Iran: A Review


Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran


Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites of molds and have adverse effects on humans, animals, and crops. Those can cause illnesses and economic losses. Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is one of the mycotoxins produced from the hydroxylated metabolite of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). It can be found in milk or milk products obtained from livestock that have ingested contaminated feed. In this paper, recent studies were reviewed in aflatoxin M1 contamination in milk and milk products in Iran.


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