The Effect of Oil Pollution on LathyrusSativus and Lens Culinaris with Potential of Phytoremediation

Authors

Abstract

Oil pollution is a worldwide threat to the environment. The remediation of oil contaminated soils, sediments and water is a major challenge for environment. Phytoremediation is an emerging green technology that uses plants to remediate soil, sediment, surface water, and groundwater in environment which contaminated with toxic metal, organics, and radionuclide. In this study, some species of Fabaceae family were chosen and planted in different concentrations of oil pollution in soil, to identify the tolerant species. It was done in period of 40 days in Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The results showed the highest level of light crude contamination, which the plant is able to grow,is 8% with 3.3 cm for lathyrussativus species and 6% with 7cm for Lens culinaris. So among the studied species Lathyrussativus and Lens culinaris were tolerant species that could grow in high concentrations of oil pollution. These species can be suggested to phytoremediation of oil-polluted soils.

Keywords


  1. Anderson, T.A.; Guthrie, E.A.; Walton, B.T (1993) Bioremediation. Environ. Sci Technol. 27: 2630-2636.
  2. Agbogidi, O. M. and Eshegbeyi, O. F (2006) Performance of Dacryodesedulis (Don. G. Lam H. J.) Seeds and seedlings in a crude oil contaminated, soil. Journal of Sustainable. 22:1-13.
  3. Agbogidi, O. M.; Eruotor, P. G. and Akparobi, S. O (2007) Effects of crude oil levels on the growth of maize (Zea mays L.). Journal of Food Technology. 2(6):529-535.
  4. Corgie SC.; Beguiristain T Leyval C. (2004) Spatial Distribution of Bacterial Communities and Phenanthrene Degradation in the Rhizosphere of Loliumperenne L. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 70(6):3552-3557
  5. Maila, M. P. and Cloete, T. E (2002) Germination of Lepidiumsativum as a method to evaluate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons removals from contaminated soil. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation. 50:107-113.
  6. Mccutcheon, S.C. and Schnoor, J.L. (Eds) (2003) Phytoremediation: Transformation and Control of Contaminants. John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey. USA. 2: 91-110
  7. Nasir, H.; Iqbal, Z.; Hiradate, S. and Fujii, Y (2005) Allelopathic potential of Robinia pseudo-acacia L. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 31: 2179-2192.
  8. Omosun, G, Markson and O. M banasor. (2008) Growth and Anatomy of AmaranthusHybridus as Affected by Diferrent Crude Oil Concentrations. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, , (1): 70-74.
  9. Reynolds C.M. and Skipper H.D (2005) Bioremediation of contaminated soils. In: Principles and applications of soil microbiology. J. Furhmann and D.A. Zuberer, Eds.
  10. Toogood, J. A. and Rowell, M. J (1977) ââ‚‌˜Reclamation Experiments in the Fieldââ‚‌™, in J. A. Toogood (ed.), The Reclamation of Agricultural Soils after Oil Spill. Part 1, pp. 34ââ‚‌“64.
  11. Udo, E. J. and Fayemi, A. A. A (1975) ââ‚‌˜Effect of oil pollution of soil on germination growth and nutrient update of cornââ‚‌™, J. Environ. Qual. 4(4), 537ââ‚‌“540.