Extraction and PerconcentrationLead (II) Using Octadecyl Bonded Silica Cartridge and Determination by FAAS

Author

Abstract

A simple method has been developed for the preconcentration of Lead (II) based on the adsorption of its 1-(2-Pyridyl Azo)2-Naphtol (PAN) complex on aOctadecyl bonded silica cartridges. The influence of acidity, eluting agents, stability of the column, sample volume and interfering ions has been investigated in detail. The adsorbed complex could be eluted using environmentally benign HNO34M and the concentration of Lead (II) was determined flame atomic absorption spectrometry. A detection limit of 50 µgL−1 could be achieved and the developed procedure was successfully applied for the determination of Lead (II) in tap water and waste water samples. 

Keywords


  1. ATSDR-Standards and Regulations, Lead Toxicity
  2. Case Study, 2000.
  3. Baytak S. and A.R. Turker 2006. J. Hazard. Mater.
  4. ,137ââ‚‌“142.
  5. Bernal J.P., E. Rodriguez, D.S. Miguel, J.C.
  6. Aguilar, G. Salazar and J. De Gyves, 2000. Sep.
  7. Sci. Technol. 35, 1661ââ‚‌“1679.
  8. Cesur, H., 2003; Turk. J. Chem. 27, 307ââ‚‌“ 314.
  9. Choi Y.S. and H.S. Choi2003.Bull.Korean Chem.
  10. Soc.24,222-228.
  11. Cortina, J.L.,N. Miralles, A. Sastre, M. Aguilar,A.
  12. Profumo and M. Pesavento, 1993. React.
  13. Polym. 21,89ââ‚‌“101.
  14. Current Status of Lead in India, Released on World
  15. Environment Day 2001.
  16. Draa M.T., T. Belaid and M. Benamor, 2004.Sep.
  17. Purif. Technol. 40, 77ââ‚‌“86.
  18. Gracas M. das, A.Korn, J.B. Andrade, D.S. de
  19. Jesus,V.A. Lemos, M.L.S.F. Bandeira, W.N.L.
  20. Santos, M.A. Bezerra, F.A.C. Amorim, A.S.
  21. Souza and S.L.C. Ferreira,2006.Talanta 69,16ââ‚‌“
  22. Gurnani, V. and A.K. Singh, 2004.Ind. Eng. Chem.
  23. Res. 43,2302ââ‚‌“2309.
  24. Juang, R.S., 1999. Proc. Natl. Sci. Counc. ROC(A)
  25. , 353ââ‚‌“364.
  26. Kabay, N., M. Demircioglu, H. Ekinci, M. Yuksel,
  27. M. Saglam and M. Streat, 1998,React.
  28. Funct.Polym.38, 219ââ‚‌“226.
  29. Kabay N., N. Gizli, M. Demircioglu, M. Yuksel, M.
  30. Saglam, M. Arda, U. Yuksel, B. Saha and M.
  31. Streat, 2003.Chem. Eng. Commun. 190,936ââ‚‌“
  32. Kumar, M., D.P.S. Rathore and A.K. Singh,
  33. Talanta 51,1187ââ‚‌“1196.
  34. Kumar M., D.P.S. Rathore and A.K. Singh,
  35. Analyst 125,1221ââ‚‌“1225.
  36. Lemos V.A., M. de la Guardia and S.L.C. Ferreira,
  37. Talanta 58,475ââ‚‌“480.
  38. MatsunagaH., A.A. Ismail,Y.Wakui and
  39. T.Yokoyama, 2001.React.Funct.Polym. 49,
  40. ââ‚‌“195.
  41. Gonzalez M.P., I. Saucedo, R. Navarro, M. Avila
  42. and E. Guibal, 2001.Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.
  43. ,6004ââ‚‌“6013.
  44. MoghimiA, 2007; Chinese Journal of Chemistry
  45. Vol. 25, Issue 10,1536-1542.
  46. MoghimiA., 2007; Chinese Journal of Chemistry
  47. Vol. 25, Issue 12,1842-1847.
  48. MoghimiA, M. J. Poursharifi 2008; Asian Journal
  49. of Chemistry Vol. 20, No. 7,5109-5114.
  50. MoghimiA., 2007; Chinese Journal of
  51. Chemistry,25, 640-645.
  52. MoghimiA. and R.Ghiasi 2008.Journal of the
  53. Korean Chemical Society, Vol. 52,No. 4
  54. Moghimi A., 2006; Materials Science Research
  55. India Volume 3(2a),195-204 .
  56. MoghimiA., 2006; Oriental Journal of Chemistry,
  57. (3), 527-531.
  58. MoghimiA. and Ghammamy S. 2007;
  59. Environmental chemistry an Indian
  60. journal,Vol.2, Issues 3.
  61. Nayebi P. andAli Moghimi, 2006; Oriental Journal
  62. of Chemistry 22(3),507-512.
  63. Pathak, R. and G.N. Rao, 1997.Talanta 44,1447ââ‚‌“
  64. Prabhakaran, D. and M.S. Subramanian, 2003;
  65. React. Funct.Polym.57, 147ââ‚‌“ 155.
  66. Prasad K., P. Gopikrishna, R. Kala, T. PrasadaRao
  67. and G.R.K. Naidu, 2006.Talanta 69 ,938ââ‚‌“ 945.
  68. PrabhakaranD., M.S. Subramanian, A new
  69. chelating sorbent for metal ion extraction under
  70. high saline conditions, 2003.Talanta 59, 1227ââ‚‌“
  71. Reyes L.H.,I.S. Medina, R.N. Mendoza, J.R.
  72. Vazquez, M.A. Rodrıguez and E. Guibal,
  73. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40 ,1422ââ‚‌“1433.
  74. Shamsipur, M., A.R. Ghiasvand and Y. Yamini,
  75. ; Anal. Chem. 71, 4892ââ‚‌“
  76. TehraniM.S.,RastegarF.,Parchehbaf, A.
  77. and RezvaniZ. 2005.Chinese Journal of
  78. Chemistry 23,1437-1442.
  79. Shamsipur, M., F. Raoufi and H. Sharghi,
  80. Talanta 52, 637ââ‚‌“ 643.
  81. Suvardhan K., K. Suresh Kumar, D. Rekha, B.
  82. Jayaraj, G. Krishnamurthy Naidu and P.
  83. Chiranjeevi, 2006.Talanta 68 ,735ââ‚‌“ 740.
  84. Tokalioglu S. and S. Kartal, 2002. J. Trace
  85. Microprobe Tech. 20, 127ââ‚‌“140.
  86. Tuzen M., K. Parlar and M. Soylak, 2005.J. Hazard.
  87. Mater.121, 79ââ‚‌“87.
  88. Vilensky M.Y., B.B. Witz and A. Warshawsky,
  89. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36, 1851ââ‚‌“1855